Roofing Glossary of Terms - Professional Building Services

Feb 8, 2019


Welcome to the Roofing Glossary of Terms by Chicopee Welding & Tool. As a trusted leader in the business and consumer services industry, we understand the importance of providing comprehensive information to our customers. This detailed guide will help you familiarize yourself with the key terms and concepts related to roofing, empowering you to make informed decisions for your roofing projects.

Understanding Roofing Terms

1. Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles are one of the most commonly used roofing materials. They are made of asphalt-saturated fiberglass or organic felt, coated with mineral granules. These shingles offer durability, affordability, and a wide range of colors and styles to choose from.

2. Flashing

Flashing refers to the protective material installed in various areas of the roof to prevent water infiltration. It is usually made from metal, such as aluminum or copper, and is placed around roof openings, chimneys, and along roof edges.

3. Underlayment

Underlayment is a moisture-resistant layer installed beneath the main roofing material. It provides an additional barrier against water penetration and enhances the overall performance of the roof. Common types of underlayment include asphalt-saturated felt and synthetic materials like synthetic underlayment.

4. Eave

The eave is the lower edge of the roof that overhangs the walls. It not only provides protection from the elements but also contributes to the aesthetic appeal of the building. Eaves can be decorated with fascia boards and soffits.

5. Ridge

The ridge is the highest point of a sloping roof where two roof surfaces come together. It is often covered with special ridge shingles or ridge vents, allowing for proper ventilation and ensuring the structural integrity of the roof.

Benefits of a Well-Maintained Roof

A well-maintained roof is essential for the protection, energy efficiency, and aesthetic appeal of any building. By understanding key roofing terms, homeowners and business owners alike can make informed decisions and communicate effectively with roofing professionals. Here are some benefits of a well-maintained roof:

  • Protection: A sturdy roof with proper insulation and effective drainage safeguards the interior of a building from water damage and extreme weather conditions.
  • Energy Efficiency: A well-insulated roof reduces heat transfer, minimizing the energy required to heat or cool the building. This leads to lower energy bills and a reduced environmental impact.
  • Longevity: Regular roof maintenance and inspections can extend the lifespan of a roof, helping property owners save money in the long run by avoiding premature replacement.
  • Curb Appeal: A well-maintained roof enhances the overall aesthetic appeal of a building, increasing its value and leaving a positive impression on visitors or potential buyers.


Chicopee Welding & Tool, a reputable company in the business and consumer services industry, is dedicated to providing customers with valuable resources like this Roofing Glossary of Terms. By educating yourself about the various roofing concepts and terminology, you'll be better equipped to make informed decisions for your roofing projects.

Shayne Champion
This glossary is a great resource for anyone looking to learn about roofing terms!
Nov 9, 2023
Clayton Speicher
Very useful roofing resource!
Oct 4, 2023