Decking Glossary of Terms | Professional Building Services

Jan 24, 2022

Welcome to Chicopee Welding & Tool's comprehensive Decking Glossary of Terms. Here, we aim to provide you with a vast array of key terms and definitions related to decking, categorized under professional building services. Whether you are a builder, contractor, or DIY enthusiast, this glossary will enhance your knowledge and help you better understand the jargon and terminology commonly used in the decking industry.

1. Decking Boards

Decking boards are the primary elements used to construct decks. Made from various materials such as wood, composite, or PVC, these boards are available in different sizes, profiles, and finishes. They form the base structure of your deck and provide a stable foundation for walking, seating, and other outdoor activities.

2. Joists

Joists are horizontal beams that run beneath the decking boards, providing support and stability to the deck's structure. They distribute the weight evenly, ensuring the deck can withstand heavy loads and foot traffic. Properly spaced and properly installed joists are essential for a durable and long-lasting deck.

3. Deck Fasteners

Deck fasteners, also known as deck screws or deck nails, are used to secure the decking boards to the joists. They play a crucial role in ensuring the boards remain firmly attached to the frame, preventing any movement or warping. Choosing the right type and size of fasteners is essential to maintain the structural integrity of the deck.

4. Railings

Railings are safety features that are installed around the perimeter of a deck. They provide support, prevent falls, and create a visually appealing boundary. Railings can be made from different materials such as wood, metal, or glass, and come in various designs and styles to complement the overall aesthetic of the deck.

5. Balusters

Balusters, often referred to as spindles or pickets, are vertical supports used between the top and bottom railings. They enhance the safety of the deck by preventing accidental falls, especially for elevated or raised decks. Balusters come in various materials and designs, allowing for customization to match your deck's style.

6. Fascia

Fascia refers to the protective outer layer that covers the exposed edges of the decking boards. It adds a finished look to the deck and prevents moisture or debris from entering the structural components. Fascia boards are available in different materials, and their installation enhances the overall aesthetics of the deck.

7. Stair Treads

Stair treads are the horizontal surfaces that form the steps of a deck staircase. They are essential for safe and comfortable navigation between different levels of a deck. Stair treads can be made from various materials, including wood, composite, or metal, and are designed to provide traction and durability.

8. Deck Lighting

Deck lighting refers to the various lighting fixtures installed on or around the deck. It not only enhances the ambiance and aesthetics of the outdoor space but also improves safety and visibility during the evening or nighttime. Deck lighting options include post lights, step lights, string lights, and built-in fixtures.

9. Deck Stain

Deck stain is a protective coating applied to the surface of the decking boards. It helps to enhance their natural color, provide UV protection, and prevent water damage, rot, or decay. Deck stains are available in different translucencies and color options, allowing you to customize and preserve the look of your deck.

10. Deck Maintenance

Deck maintenance refers to the regular upkeep required to ensure the longevity and beauty of your deck. It includes tasks such as cleaning, sealing, and periodic inspections to identify any potential issues. Proper maintenance practices help extend the lifespan of the deck and maintain its structural integrity and appearance.


Chicopee Welding & Tool's Decking Glossary of Terms provides a comprehensive compilation of essential terminology related to decking and professional building services. By familiarizing yourself with these terms, you can approach your decking projects with confidence, communicate effectively with industry professionals, and make informed decisions. Explore our glossary to expand your knowledge and embark on successful deck construction and maintenance journeys.

Keith Conner
Informative and helpful.
Nov 12, 2023
Kimberly Irvin
🔧 Handy Decking Guide!
Oct 4, 2023